Sixteenth Five Year Plan of Nepal Concept Paper Prepared

GP Chudal

Sixteenth Five Year Plan Concept Paper Prepared – The main goal is to maintain good governance in the political, administrative and judicial spheres

The concept paper for Nepal’s sixteenth five-year plan (2081/082-2085/086) was drafted with “good governance, social justice, and prosperity” in mind. Wednesday’s full meeting of the National Planning Commission approved the concept paper as well.

The purpose of the new Periodic Plan is to preserve good governance in the political, administrative, and judicial spheres. Similarly, the Sixteenth Plan seeks to achieve social justice in the areas of health, education, employment, and housing, as well as prosperity in social life, economic development, and the national economy.

Sixteenth Periodic Plan of Nepal Concept Paper Prepared

The new periodic plan outlines a strategy to “achieve good governance, social justice, and prosperity through structural transformation by identifying, addressing, and resolving the structural barriers encountered in development work.” Regarding the implementation of the plan, a strategy will be developed to strengthen the inter-relationships and functional capacities of all relevant bodies and parties at all levels, in an effort to formulate and develop evidence-based policies.” The concept paper approved stated. Similarly, the areas and strategies of structural transformation have been outlined in the new periodic plan’s concept paper.

“To strengthen the overall economic base, the primary sector will be strengthened, the secondary sector will be developed and expanded, and the service sector’s stability will be maintained,” according to the concept paper. “A predictable financial system will be developed by expanding the base and scope of revenue, focusing financial resources on production, and creating jobs and inclusive operations.” And the external sector’s stability will be maintained.’

To increase production and productivity, a policy has been adopted to ensure a timely, high-quality, and cost-effective supply system for all types of resources and means of production. Similarly, emphasis has been placed on the production and deployment of market-responsive knowledge, skills, efficiency, and vigour in the labour force. In addition to adopting the latest technology and management techniques based on research and development, the structural transformation strategy includes the creation of dignified, productive, and inclusive employment opportunities.

In collaboration with the private, government, and non-government sectors, a national skill development and employment programme will reportedly be implemented. In addition to the availability of professional training for self-employed entrepreneurs, the concept paper includes assistance with initial capital investment, deployment of remittances, knowledge, skills, and technology gained from foreign employment in the productive sector.

By empowering marginalised classes and communities and promoting inclusive employment through positive discrimination, and by regulating migrant workers, indigenous workers will be given priority on the domestic labour market, so goes the argument.

Human capital development and superior workforce planning are also included in the strategy. “Through the use of demographic benefits at all three levels of government, employment opportunities will be created by producing a skilled and capable labour force,” states the concept paper. “A strategy has been developed to identify new destination countries with high return income and labour contracts for foreign employment with safe work distribution.”

In the concept paper for the sixteenth periodic plan, it is stated that a policy of quality, equitable, and life-enhancing education will be implemented. A policy mandating the use of digital technology, laboratories, and multidisciplinary libraries will be implemented at all educational levels. Secondary education will emphasise vocational development, while higher education will emphasise enterprise and employment, and the concept of learning, earning, and learning will be effectively implemented. The proposal states. Through a mandatory and one-way system, the new periodic scheme emphasises the equitable distribution of scholarships to disadvantaged and meritorious students. To contribute to the physical, mental, and intellectual development of students, measures have been taken such as implementing an education system based on yoga, meditation, and positive thinking, promoting moral education, and encouraging young talent to work in the country.

The topic of developing a high-quality and accessible health care system has also been incorporated into the new plan’s strategy. A policy has been enacted to strengthen the health care system in order to eliminate the need to travel abroad for cancer and organ transplant treatment. Similarly, the concept paper states that the health sector will be developed as an academic knowledge and service centre, that basic and emergency health services will be free, that specialised and highly specialised health services will be insured and made accessible to all, and that basic and emergency health services will be free.

A policy of eco-friendly, sustainable, and profitable infrastructure has been adopted in the interest of infrastructure quality and systematic urbanisation. It has been emphasised that everyone must have access to infrastructure that is comfortable, dependable, and easy to use, and that this infrastructure must be tied to economic growth and social justice. To eliminate squatters, landless and unorganised settlements, and encroachments, it will be necessary to devise a plan to implement a systematic, modern, and secure housing plan through the development of an integrated infrastructure.

It is stated that targeted programmes for the empowerment of economically and socially disadvantaged classes, communities, and genders towards social empowerment, inclusion, and social security will be implemented. In the concept paper, unwelcome and informal transactions have also been kept under control. According to the concept paper, “promotion of competitive market and regular supply chain, all types of syndicate system, cessation of undesirable activities, and uniform regulation between producers and consumers will be formalised.”

Efficacy and financial resources in government budget allocation In the concept paper for the sixteenth plan, an expansion of previous expenditures is also included. “Available resources and means will be mobilised in productive areas, and resources will be allocated to prioritised areas based on needs and capabilities,” states the concept paper. Internal and external debt mobilisation will be focused solely on feasible projects based on a cost-benefit analysis, in order to improve the reception and utilisation of available foreign aid. It is stated that the budget will be allocated only to projects that emphasise project governance, have completed all preparations, and are listed in the project bank.

It is stated that in the fields of environmental protection, biological diversity, disaster management, and sustainable development, development work will only be carried out in a way that has no or minimal impact on the environment. The policy of converting traditional and petroleum-based machines, equipment, and vehicles to clean energy will be adopted by the new periodic plan.

Promoting good governance and efficient social service delivery is an additional essential strategy of the new Periodic Plan. “Emphasis will be placed on technology-based public service delivery with easy access and simple procedures, an efficient administrative structure, high morale, and a work-oriented bureaucracy,” according to the Sixteenth Plan’s concept paper. “Implementation of all anti-corruption measures, regular management examination of administrative procedures, and prompt hearing of complaints will also be arranged.”

The Commission has established a schedule for preparing and approving the new periodic plan document until the end of January 2019. According to the ‘Procedures on Institutional Arrangements for Formulation of the Sixteenth Plan, 2080’ prepared by the Commission, the formulation of the five-year periodic plan (2081/082-2085/086) commenced in the fourth week of May. The schedule has been devised in order for the periodic plan to be approved by the Council of Ministers by the end of January next year. Since the new periodic plan won’t be implemented until the following fiscal year, this year has been used as a baseline.

In preparing the 16th periodic plan to be implemented beginning in July 2081, the commission will consider the constitution of Nepal, national and regional policies, the fifteenth plan and its review, the strategy prepared for upgrading from an underdeveloped country (LDC graduation strategy), the achievement of sustainable development goals, and the medium-term expenditure structure, among other factors.

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